Today we’re back with the second part of our 3D typography illustration tutorial; this time we’re going to take all the pieces of the puzzle and finalize them. It’s all about realism here as we explore seamless integration of separate 3D objects into a single document. Learn how to add color, match luminosity, and add beautiful contrast to your renders.
Alright, let’s jump into Photoshop and get this thing started! Open the render you made of the backdrop and ventilation shafts.
Go to Layer > New Adjustment Layer > Gradient Map. Create a Gradient Map similar to the one below. The color sequence from left to right is: #350606; #752136; #ef5054; f5f7c3; eff0dd.
Set the Layer Blending Mode to Multiply and Opacity to 70%.
Add another Gradient Map with the following colors: #000000; #781212, #d86651; eda5aa.
Now we’ll start to include objects into our scene, by isolating them with an Alpha Channel. I’ll demonstrate this process with the first word. First of all, open the render you’ve made.
Now, also open the render you made that contains only the object, and no backdrop. If we would render the word with the backdrop, then the backdrop itself would show up in the Alpha Channel, leaving a selection of the entire canvas, instead of the word itself. Now open the Channels Tab and Command + Click on the Alpha 1 Channel to make a selection of its contents.
The problem with isolating objects like this is that you get a very thin over exposed outline. To cut this out, we’re going to shrink the selection by 1 px. Go to Select > Modify > Contract. When the dialog appears, make sure the field says 1 px, then click OK.
We’ll now save this selection, so we can load it up in the final ‘work+’ render. Go to Select > Save Selection.
In the Destination Menu, select the final render that you have of the ‘work+’ word. Then name it something, like alpha channel and click OK.
Head over to the final render, go to Select > Load Selection, and under the Channel Menu, find the one you saved. Press OK.
Before I turn this into a mask, I need to fix something I didn’t notice in the render. I’ve left a part of the black ceiling in the view, so grab the Marquee Tool, hold down Alt and drag over that area to make sure it’s not selected. That area will be completely dark later on and you probably wouldn’t even be able to notice it, but it’s a worthy precaution.
In the Layers menu, press the Add Layer Mask button to isolate the object quickly.
Drag this into the project and find a spot for it.
To simulate a Depth of Field, we’re going to blur some of the bolts that are floating around. Make a wide selection (leave room for the blur to spread) and go to Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur. I’m not using Lens Blur in this case, because that will lighten the edges of the render significantly. Since this is a dark area, we don want that. I would advise to use Lens Blur over Gaussian in most cases though.
After you applied the Blur, you may notice that the edges of the bolts aren’t blurred. That’s because you may be blurring only the contents of the image, and not its mask. After applying, don’t deselect. Go to your layers menu, find the layer you’re working on and click on the layer mask box to the right. Blur again.
Repeat this process and cut out a version of the backdrops. Over these though, add a Gradient Map Adjustment Layer (make it a mask so it only affects the backdrops and no the background) with these colors: #222c48, #b6bac1.
Just like in the previous two steps, isolate the vents. I find the left side a bit too bright, so I’m going to darken it with a black-to-transparent gradient. Make it a mask so it’s only seen within the ventilation shaft render. I’ve highlighted the gradient with red in the second image.
Add the final render to the document; the word ‘play’. Isolate it the same way you did with the rest.
Make a selection of the layer, and while holding alt, remove most of the selection with the Polygonal Marquee Tool so you only have the bucket selected. Right-click inside the canvas and hit Layer Via Copy. Move this layer underneath, and don’t forget to remove the bucket from the original layer as well.
On the ‘play’ text layer, Create a Gradient Map Adjustment Layer as a Clipping Mask and change the colors to these: #1c1b1b; #ffffff.
Set the Layer Blending Mode to Hard Light. This will increase the contrast of the type and bring out those lovely reflections.
There’s one last adjustment that needs to be done to this text. Because of the pure white backdrop that we rendered this over, there’s a white reflection that’s too strong on the bottom and left side. Since we’ve isolated this from the bucket, we can just add a red soft bevel on that side, that will eliminate that white reflection. Just add a Bevel and Emboss Layer Style with these settings:
Add a new layer as a Clipping Mask for the ‘play’ layer, and Create a few soft, white strokes that brighten the right side just a bit. They’re highlighted with blue in the second screenshot.
We now need to add a few paint blobs around the scene. With the Elliptical Marquee tool, make a selection of a round blob from within the render.
Copy and Paste it into a new layer. Put it on the far, right side.
You may notice that it’s considerably darker than the rest. That’s because the right side should be much brighter than the left. Create a New Blank Layer and make it a Clipping Mask. Fill it with white and turn down the layer Opacity to 30%.
Add a few more around the scene, and remember to blur some of these out.
Add a couple of smaller ones on the left side.
Making a black layer here on top won’t be enough for a realistic look. We also need to keep the highlight in place in order for it to look realistically darkened. Use a Curves Adjustment Layer as a Mask.
The trouble with curves is that it also affects the colors. To tone down the color intensity, create a Black and White Gradient Map Adjustment Layer as a Layer Mask and turn down the Opacity to 40%.
Another issue we need to fix are those tiny little highlights on the backdrop. From boosting up the contrast, they’ve all but disappeared. Use the Pen Tool in Path Mode, and on a new blank layer, trace a path over an existing highlight.
Grab the Brush Tool (B) and change it to a soft, 6 px diameter round brush.
Add these highlights all over the scene, where needed. As usual, I’ve highlighted them with blue for easy spotting.
Don’t forget the right side. You may need to make these stronger, since this is the well-lighted side.
The bucket felt a bit lonely, so I re-rendered it in a different position and darkened it a lot.
We’ll now darken the background just a bit, so right above the first render of the scene, create a New Blank Layer and fill it with White. Go to Filter > Distort > Lens Correction.
Create a vignette effect by using similar settings.
Change the Layer Blending Mode to Color Burn and Opacity to 60%.
For this step, we’re going to make a quick hop into Illustrator to create a pattern of Squares. Just create one, duplicate it as many times as needed to get this pattern. You can do this Photoshop as well of course.
Paste the boxes in Photoshop as a raster image, but make it really big before you flatten it.
Free Transform it until you match the perspective of the floor.
After you’ve positioned it, change the Layer Blending Mode to Screen and Opacity to 10%. Add the following Layer Effects.
Add another one over the back of the scene. No need to change the perspective for this one.
And in order to finally finish this off, we’ll add a Selective Color Adjustment Layer on top of all the layers. With this, we’re going to change the colors up a bit. In the Reds menu, change Magenta to 6%, Yellow to -4% and Black to -3%.
Switch over to the Neutrals tab and Use these settings: Cyan: +2%; Yellow -21%; Black -11%.
And the final one for the day is Blacks: Cyan: +5%; Yellow: -10%; Black: -2%;
That’s it, finally, I know! I hope it’s been a good read, that is if you’ve read a single word of it of course!